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Oued Ed-Dahab - Lagouira
Located at the extreme south of the kingdom, the Sahara, over an area of 142,865 km² (20% of the Moroccan territory), the Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira region is made up of two provinces, Oued Eddahab and Aousserd. It has a population of 99,367, most of them living in the city of Dakhla (62%), the biggest urban concentration in the region. The urban population stands at 61,830 inhabitants, while the rural one at 37,537.

  1. Agriculture
  2. Fisheries
  3. Industry
  4. Tourism
  5. Handicraft
   N.B. : USD 1 = MAD 7,258
       (evolution over 12 months - Bank Al-Maghrib)
  Dakhla Regional Investment Centre
 1- Agriculture
The climate, the abundance of arable and fertile land (1 million ha) and the availability of irrigation have favoured the development of greenhouse farming. The temperate climate and the everlasting sun allow fruit and vegetables to ripen two to three weeks before the most fertile regions of the Kingdom. The area’s main products are tomatoes, cucumbers and melons, which are mostly exported to North American and European countries.

 Agricultural Products surface  performance  Exports  Current markets 
 Tomato 96.5 ha 120-220 T/ha 9 000 T/yr North-America - Europe - Former Soviet Union
 Melon 96 ha 45-50 T/ha 4 000 T/yr
 Cucumber 16 ha 50 T/ha 720 T/yr
Source: the region’s CRI

Inland, where the climate is more arid, the biotope lends itself more to breeding dromedaries. The area covers 12.9 million ha, supporting some 18,000 camels, 10% of the national livestock.

 Activity Number of companies Number of jobs
 Agriculture and breeding 11 6 612
 Greenhouse farming 5 6 000
 Traditional agriculture 1 12
 Livestock (cattle, sheep, goats, camels) 5 600
Source: the region’s CRI
 2- Fisheries
Concentrating 60% of the national fishing activity, the Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira region’s waters contain 65% of the country’s fish reserves, which are estimated at 3 million tonnes/yr. They are mainly made up of 80% of pelagic fish and 20% of demersal fish, which explains the almost permanent existence of European, Japanese and Chinese fishing ships in the region. In a coast of 667 km, all kinds of fishing are practiced (traditional, coastal and high-seas).

The region’s fish species are:
  • Cephalopods: octopus, squid, cuttlefish etc.
  • Small pelagic fish: Sardines, mackerel etc.
  • Big pelagic fish: swordfish etc.
  • Lamellibranches (shellfish): mussel, oyster, clam etc.
  • Large crustaceans: lobsters etc.
 Activity Number of companies Number of jobs
 Fishing and aquaculture 162 30 080
 Traditional fishing 150 30 000
 Fishing in high seas 10 50
 Aquaculture 2 30
Source: the region’s CRI
 3- Industry
The Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira region is by and large under-industrialized. It counts 398 companies, 23% of which invest in the food industry, both in agriculture and fisheries, which employ half the population.

Industrial indicators : values in MAD million (2006)
 Province Number of units Staff Export Product Investment Added value
Nbr. % Nbr. % Val. % Val. % Val. % Val. %
 Ouad Ed-dahab 23 100 534 100 525 100 479 100 156 100 98 100
 Total 23 100 534 100 525 100 479 100 156 100 98 100
Source: the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and New Technologies
 Activity Number companies Number jobs 
 Food industry 93 3 777
 Freezing, treatment and conditioning of fish and cephalopods 78 3 679
 Ice production (fishing) 2 8
 Bread making 10 60
 Production of camel milk 1 10
 Production of bovine milk 1 20
Source: the region’s CRI
 4- Tourism
Although tourism in the region is yet to be developed, the latter’s long Atlantic beaches of white sand and all-year-long temperate climate make it a destination of choice for beach seekers. The region’s accommodation capacity stands at 835 beds, divided into 17 classified and non classified hotels, and two camping resorts for caravans. This makes the region a fertile ground for investments.

 Activity Number companies Number jobs 
 Tourism 27 270
 Accommodation capacity 17 190
 Restaurants 4 35
 Car rental agencies 2 10
 Travel agencies 4 35
 Craft industry 20 4 080
 Tradition clothes 10 20
 Nomad tents 2 10
 Jewellery 6 4 000
 Tapestry 2 50
Source: the region’s CRI
 5- Infrastructure
The region’s road network extends over 3,271 km, 1,201 of it national. It has two ports and an airport covering 250 ha. Most flights are between Dakhla and Casablanca via Agadir and Laayoune, or between Dakhla and the Canary Ilands. There are also two industrial zones: the first in the southern part of Dakhla covering an area of 37 ha; the second, on a surface of 270 ha, is annexed to the new Dakhla port.
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