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Morocco Energy and Mining

Morocco Energy and Mining

The mining sector is one of the pillars of Morocco’s economy. It represented a turnover of USD 2.7 billion in 2005, including MAD 2.17 billion in exports and 20% of energy consumption. It also employs about 39,000 people with an estimated MAD 571 million in salaries (2005). The Kingdom produces a number of minerals and metals, most importantly, phosphates, silver and lead.
  Useful links :
       Minister of Energy, Mines, Water and Environment
    Morocco possesses 75 percent of the world's phosphate reserves. It is the world's first exporter (28% of the global market) and third producer (20% of global production). In 2005, Morocco produced 27,254 million tons of phosphates and 5,895 million tons of phosphate derivatives.

    Set up in 1920, the Phosphates Cherifian Office (OCP) is in charge of producing, cleaning, drying, and enriching phosphate products. Morocco is also the top silver producer in Africa and 14th worldwide; the top lead producer in Africa and 11th worldwide; the second largest zinc producer in Africa and 16th worldwide; and the fourth largest barium producer worldwide. It produces various other minerals, such as gold, silver, cobalt, fluorine, salt, manganese, etc. The major mining areas are:
    • 60 to 120 km along the Atlantic coast and in Central Morocco where phosphates, lead, fluorine and antimony are found.
    • Anti-Atlas, which contains sources of copper, manganese, precious metals (gold and silver) and strategic metals (cobalt, tin, titanium, wolfram...)
    • High Atlas, where important deposits of lead, zinc, copper, manganese, iron and barite are found.
    • The Rif with zinc, antimony, strategic metals, and smectic clays.
    • The eastern region with lead, zinc and coal.
    To further promote the sector, the state created in 2003 the National Hydrocarbon and Mines Agency (ONHYM) to take charge of the exploration and exploitation of all oil and mineral reserves except phosphates. It is also responsible for signing partnerships and agreements with international operators.

    A non oil-producing country, Morocco depends for more than 85 percent of its consumption on imported energy products. The Kingdom is very dependent on oil and, to a lesser extent, on coal for the production of electricity. In 2005, Moroccan crude oil imports reached nearly seven million tons, up 13% from 2004, at a cost of USD 2.6 billion (up more than 60%). The overall petroleum bill (crude oil and petroleum product imports) was USD 3.75 billion. This clearly explains the Kingdom’s efforts in terms of encouraging renewable energies, which is a major component of the Moroccan national energy policy.
Mineral production


2005 (t)
 Lead 59 920
 Zinc 151 270
 Iron 8 130
 Copper 12 650
 Manganese 11 270
 Barium 475 575
 Fluorine 114 740
 Salt 319 900
 Bentonite 64 350
 Fuller's earth 29 060
 Ghassoul 1 010
 Feldspar 27 795
Metal and Metal
Derivative Production


2005 (t)
 Lead 54 460
 Silver 185 735
 Gold 1 786
 Copper matte 714
 Cathode cobalt 2 165
 Zinc oxide 2 110
 Copper sulfate 192
 Nickel sulfate 499
 Arsenic 8 939
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